About Periodontal Disease

periodontal diseaseHealthier gums mean a healthier you.

Have you ever noticed that your gums bleed when you brush your teeth? Or that your teeth are very sensitive? Maybe your gums are sore, swollen or red. You may not realize it but those conditions, as well as bad breath, are warning signs of periodontal disease.

 

 

More than 75% of Americans have a form of periodontal disease and don’t know it.

 

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, is an infection that can severely harm the gums and bone supporting your teeth. It can affect one tooth or many teeth. Like any infection in your body, if periodontal disease is left untreated it can lead to serious and costly health issues. Advanced stages of this disease have been found to lead to tooth loss, as well as numerous other health issues including,

  • Heart attack – Those with gum disease are twice a likely to develop coronary heart disease and 2.6 times more likely to die of cardiovascular disease than those without gum disease.
  • Stroke – Men who have had gum disease have a 57% higher risk of ischemic stroke.
  • Diabetes – The International Federation of Diabetes states that controlling gum disease is one of the best ways to control blood sugar in those with diabetes.
  • Pancreatic Cancer – Men with a history of gum disease have a 63% increased risk of pancreatic cancer than men without a history of gum disease.
  • Respiratory Diseases are more prominent in those with gum disease.
  • Premature or underweight babiesWomen are twice as likely to have a premature or low birthweight baby due to periodontal disease. A recent premature infant death in California has been linked to the mother having periodontal disease.

Periodontal Disease is a very serious health issue that many people tend to overlook. Although this disease is very common and detrimental to your health, there are ways to treat it and we can help! Contact us or read below for more information.

 

What causes periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease begins when the bacteria in plaque causes the gums to become inflamed. Gingivitis, the mildest form of gum disease, causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage, but regular visits to your dentist will help you catch periodontal disease when it’s easiest to treat. Once the disease progresses to a point where it’s noticeable, it’s typically advanced. Fortunately with advances in the medical field it’s now possible to combat periodontal disease without any incisions or stitches! View on page on Laser Periodontal Treatment to learn more!

Infrequent and improper brushing and often cause periodontal disease. Other factors increase the risk of the disease as well. These include:

  • Smoking or using tobacco
  • Diabetes
  • Poor nutrition
  • Stress
  • Pregnancy
  • Medications (especially heart medications)

Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral care at home. That’s why it is important to make sure that brushing and flossing are a part of your everyday oral health routine.

If left untreated, gingivitis can turn into a more aggressive for of gum disease. Periodontal disease, or periodontitis, allows plaque to spread and grow below the gum line, producing toxins that irritate the gums. The gums then separate from the teeth and form pockets—the spaces between the teeth and the gums—and these pockets then become infected. As the gum disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Eventually teeth can become loose and may have to be removed. A simple examination by your doctor or hygienist to measure the pocket depths will determine the presence and seriousness of the condition.

The Advanced Institute for Oral Health offers pain free solutions to combat your periodontal disease, and you will be treated by some of the best periodontists in Nashville TN. If you think you may be struggling with this disease, please contact us. You’re only a phone call away from better dental health.